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Teaching Notes Book of 2 Peter Chapter 1
Hugh Wood, Atlanta, Georgia
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The first Quarantine in the USA since 1918 continues. It is Day 40.
I cannot get used to ZOOM Court, yet.
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"The grass withers and the flower [fades], but the word of [the Lord] endures forever." Isaiah 40:8; 1 Peter 1:24-25.
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Book of 2 Peter.
Papyrus 72 (Papyrus Bodmer VII-VIII) is the designation used by textual critics of the New Testament to describe portions of the so-called Bodmer Miscellaneous codex, namely the letters of Jude, 1 Peter, and 2 Peter. These books seem to have been copied by the same scribe, and the handwriting has been paleographically assigned to the 3rd or 4th century. Although the letters of Jude (P.Bodmer VII) and 1-2 Peter (P.Bodmer VIII) in this codex do not form a single continuous text, scholars still tend to refer to these three texts as a single early New Testament papyrus.
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Prediction of Apostasy
The Epistle speciﬁcally claims to be the work of Simon Peter;
1:1. The writer represents himself as having been present at the
Transﬁguration of Christ, 1:16-18; and of having been warned by
Christ of his impending death, 1:14. This means that the book
is a genuine writing of Peter.
Though it was slow in being received into the NT Canon, it
was recognized by the early Church as a genuine writing of
Peter and has through the centuries been revered as а part of
Some modern critics regard it as a pseudonymous work of the
late second century, written by some unknown person who as
sumed Peter's name, a hundred years after Peter's death. To the
average mind this would be just a plain common forgery, an
offence against civil and moral law and ordinary. decency. The
critics over and over aver that there is nothing at all
unethical in thus counterfeiting another’s name.
To Whom Addressed
Unlike most of the Books of the NT, no locality is mentioned.It was,
however, Peter’s “second epistle" to the same persons, 3: 1.
While Peter may have written many“ circular letters which have
not been preserved to us, yet the assumption is that this language refers
to that which is commonly known as' his' “First Epistle”, which
was addressed to churches “of Asia Minor, I Pet 1:1, churches to
whom Paul also had written, II Pet"3:15.
If I Peter was written during Nero’s Persecution,
and if Peter was martyred in that Persecution. then
this Book must have been written shortly before Peter’s death,
probably about 67 AD, or within a year or two, one way or the
II Peter and Jude
In some passages are so similar that some Scholars think one
must have copied from the other. It is not necessary to think
that. The Apostles, constantly hearing one another- talk, certain
expressions and Scripture illustrations became part of the com-
mon Christian vocabulary.
Chapter 1 Making Sure of Salvation
Knowledge of Christ, the foundation of our Precious Faith, is here
emphasized as the medium of Grace and Peace, 2, and of all things that
pertain to life and Godliness, 3, and one of the
means by which We may make our Calling and Election Sure.
5, and by which the Defilements of the World are Overcome, 2:20.
It is the closing exhortation of the Epistle, 3:18. Original, Authentic
Knowledge about Christ is contained in God’s Word. So Peter’s
farewell warning was, Don't Neglect God’s Word.
The Precious Promises, 4, include not only the External Glories
of the Eternal Kingdom, 11, but a Changed, Divine Nature within
ourselves, which God Will,‘ of His own Grace, bestow upon us,
which we, on our part, must do our best to attain, 5-11."
Seven Divine Qualities, 5-11. Virtue. Knowledge. Self-Control.
Patience. Godliness. Brotherly Kindness. Love. These are the
Fruits, 8, of the Precious Faith, 1, which we are to Add, 5, to the
Blessings which .God has Multiplied, 2, to us. They are Steps from
Earth to Heaven, starting. in Faith, and culminating in Love in the
Eternal Home of God.
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The Bible Project
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2 Peter 1 New International Version (NIV)
1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ,
To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:
2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.
Confirming One’s Calling and Election
3 His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. 4 Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.
5 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; 6 and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; 7 and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love. 8 For if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But whoever does not have them is nearsighted and blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their past sins.
10 Therefore, my brothers and sisters,[a] make every effort to confirm your calling and election. For if you do these things, you will never stumble, 11 and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.
Prophecy of Scripture
12 So I will always remind you of these things, even though you know them and are firmly established in the truth you now have. 13 I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body, 14 because I know that I will soon put it aside, as our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. 15 And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things.
16 For we did not follow cleverly devised stories when we told you about the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 He received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”[b] 18 We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain.
19 We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.
2 Peter 1:10 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family.
2 Peter 1:17 Matt. 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35
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2 Peter Audio Bible (NIV)
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New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Some content adapted from Halley, Henry H., Bible Handbook, Grayson Publishing, Minneapolis, MN. © 1927 - 1959, 1964
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Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia
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