Showing posts with label Peachtree Presbyterian Church. Show all posts
Showing posts with label Peachtree Presbyterian Church. Show all posts

Monday, May 4, 2020

Teaching Notes Book of JUDE (Judah)

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Teaching Notes Book of JUDE (Judah)

Hugh Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

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The first Quarantine in the USA since 1918 continues.  It is Day 52.

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"The grass withers and the flower [fades], but the word of [the Lord] endures forever."  Isaiah 40:8; 1 Peter 1:24-25.

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Imminent Apostasy

The Faith Once For All Delivered to the Saints

Jude (Half Brother of Jesus)

Church there were two

In the New Testament

Judes: Judas, one

Apostles, Luke 6:16, see page 371: and Judas, the of the Twelve

13:55. The latter is commonly brother of Jesus, Matt regarded as
the writer of this Epistle.

Eusebius relates that Domitian, in his Persecution of Chris-

D, looking up the heirs of the Kingdom of David,
tians, 96 A of Jude the Brother of Jesus
ordered the arrest of the Grandsons that they were farmers,
They told the Emperor and lived by the that Christ’s Kingdom
was Not a Kingdom of This World, but when He Comes in

toil of their hands, and would be manifested

World to Judge the Living and Dead.

Glory at the End of the Place and Date
The similarity oi the situation to that mentioned in II Peter
suggests the possibility that this Epistle may have been addressed
to the same Churches, which, it seems from 11 Pet 3:1, were the
same as those to whom I Peter was addressed, which "were in
Asia Minor, I Peter 1:1. Probably about 67 AD.

Occasion of Writing

Evidently Jude had been planning to write a more general

statement about the Gospel to this group of Churches, When news
of the sudden appearance of a Devastating Heresy prompted him
to dispatch this stern warning, 3,4.

The False Teachers, 4-19

Jude minces no words as to their nature. The frightful epithets

which he uses refer to certain Leaders Within the Church. Un-
godly Men,. Turn the Grace of God into Lasciviousness, 4.
Deny Christ, 4. Like Sodom, given to Fornication 7. In their
Dreamings Defile the Flesh, 8. As Brute Beasts Corrupt Them-
selves, 10. Spots in your Lovefeasts, 12. Shepherds that Feed
Themselves, 12. Clouds without Water, 12. Trees Without Fruit,
12. Raging Waves of the Sea Foaming out their own Shame, 13.
Wandering Stars for whom the Blackness of Darkness has been
Reserved Forever, 13. Murmurers, 16. Complainers, 16. Speaking
Great Swelling Words, 16. Mockers Walking after their Own
Ungodly Lusts, 18. Sensual, 19. Not Having the Spirit, 19. Show
Respect of Persons for the sake of their Own Advantage, 16.
And Make Separations, 19.

These false teachers had already crept in, 4, yet were spoken of

as appearing in “the last time”. While primarily referring to some
particular class of men that belonged to Jude's day, it may pos
sibly be a general characterization of the whole body of false
teachers who, through the centuries, would, from within, cor
rupt the Church, and thus thwart the redemptive work of Christ.
Those who are acquainted with Church History know well how
the Church has suffered from such men.

The Fallen Angels, 6

Here and in II Peter 2:4 are the only Scripture references to the

Fall of the Angels (Rev 12:9 seems to refer to their later defeat).
Some think this is an allusion to Gen. 6:1-5, where the “sons of
God" intermarried with the “daughters of men". More probably it
refers to an earlier event when Satan led certain of the
angels in rebellion against God.

Michael's Contention with The Devil, 9

Michael is mentioned in Dan 10:13,21 as a "chief prince", and

in Rev. 12:7 as leader of angels, but only in this passage is he
called "the archangel". Moses’ burial is told in Dt 34:5-7. But
Michael’s dispute with Satan about Moses’ body is not there
mentioned. Origen says that Jude’s statement is a reference to a
passage in the apocryphal book, “The. Assumption of Moses"
which was written about the time of the birth of Christ, only a
part of which book is now extant, and which extant part has no
such passage. Jude may have had knowledge of the incident from
other sources. Josephus says God hid Moses' body lest it be made
an idol. Possibly Satan wanted it to tempt Israel into idolatry.
Jude’s use of the incident seems to sanction its historicity. It
served as an example against the sin oi ушные": even the
Archangel, highest of creatures, did not rail at the Devil, the most
degraded of creatures.

The Prophecy of Enoch, 14,15

This is the only Scripture allusion to the prophecy of Enoch.

The brief story of his life is told in Gen 5:18-24, but there is no
mention of any of his words. Jude’s quotation is from the apocry
phal Book of Enoch, which was written about 100 B C. He evi-
dently regards it as a genuine word of Enoch.  Thus while Adam,
founder of the race, was yet alive, Enoch (contemporary with
Adam for 300 yrs) prophesied of the eventual Coming of the
Lord, with his angels, to execute judgment upon the disobedient
race. Jude’s Sanction of one passage in the book does not
Sanction the whole book.

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The Bible Project 
Book of Jude (Judah)

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New International Version

1 Jude, a servant of Jesus Christ and a brother of James,

To those who have been called, who are loved in God the Father and kept for[a] Jesus Christ:

2 Mercy, peace and love be yours in abundance.

The Sin and Doom of Ungodly People

3 Dear friends, although I was very eager to write to you about the salvation we share, I felt compelled to write and urge you to contend for the faith that was once for all entrusted to God’s holy people. 4 For certain individuals whose condemnation was written about[b] long ago have secretly slipped in among you. They are ungodly people, who pervert the grace of our God into a license for immorality and deny Jesus Christ our only Sovereign and Lord.

5 Though you already know all this, I want to remind you that the Lord[c] at one time delivered his people out of Egypt, but later destroyed those who did not believe. 6 And the angels who did not keep their positions of authority but abandoned their proper dwelling—these he has kept in darkness, bound with everlasting chains for judgment on the great Day. 7 In a similar way, Sodom and Gomorrah and the surrounding towns gave themselves up to sexual immorality and perversion. They serve as an example of those who suffer the punishment of eternal fire.

8 In the very same way, on the strength of their dreams these ungodly people pollute their own bodies, reject authority and heap abuse on celestial beings. 9 But even the archangel Michael, when he was disputing with the devil about the body of Moses, did not himself dare to condemn him for slander but said, “The Lord rebuke you!”[d] 10 Yet these people slander whatever they do not understand, and the very things they do understand by instinct—as irrational animals do—will destroy them.

11 Woe to them! They have taken the way of Cain; they have rushed for profit into Balaam’s error; they have been destroyed in Korah’s rebellion.

12 These people are blemishes at your love feasts, eating with you without the slightest qualm—shepherds who feed only themselves. They are clouds without rain, blown along by the wind; autumn trees, without fruit and uprooted—twice dead. 13 They are wild waves of the sea, foaming up their shame; wandering stars, for whom blackest darkness has been reserved forever.

14 Enoch, the seventh from Adam, prophesied about them: “See, the Lord is coming with thousands upon thousands of his holy ones 15 to judge everyone, and to convict all of them of all the ungodly acts they have committed in their ungodliness, and of all the defiant words ungodly sinners have spoken against him.”[e] 16 These people are grumblers and faultfinders; they follow their own evil desires; they boast about themselves and flatter others for their own advantage.

A Call to Persevere

17 But, dear friends, remember what the apostles of our Lord Jesus Christ foretold. 18 They said to you, “In the last times there will be scoffers who will follow their own ungodly desires.” 19 These are the people who divide you, who follow mere natural instincts and do not have the Spirit.

20 But you, dear friends, by building yourselves up in your most holy faith and praying in the Holy Spirit, 21 keep yourselves in God’s love as you wait for the mercy of our Lord Jesus Christ to bring you to eternal life.

22 Be merciful to those who doubt; 23 save others by snatching them from the fire; to others show mercy, mixed with fear—hating even the clothing stained by corrupted flesh.[f]


24 To him who is able to keep you from stumbling and to present you before his glorious presence without fault and with great joy— 25 to the only God our Savior be glory, majesty, power and authority, through Jesus Christ our Lord, before all ages, now and forevermore! Amen.

Jude 1:1 Or by; or in
Jude 1:4 Or individuals who were marked out for condemnation
Jude 1:5 Some early manuscripts Jesus
Jude 1:9 Jude is alluding to the Jewish Testament of Moses (approximately the first century a.d.).
Jude 1:15 From the Jewish First Book of Enoch (approximately the first century b.c.)
Jude 1:23 The Greek manuscripts of these verses vary at several points

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NIV Book of Jude Audio

Korah’s Rebellon

Full Book of Enoch

Alternate List of Book of Enoch (CH 1)

Church History by Eusebius

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Jude is Papyri:  72, 74 and 78.  Hopefully, to be added.

72, 78

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New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Some content adapted from Halley, Henry H., Bible Handbook, Grayson Publishing, Minneapolis, MN.  © 1927 - 1959, 1964

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Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

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Sunday, May 3, 2020

Teaching Notes Book of Second and Third JOHN

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Teaching Notes Book of Second and Third JOHN


Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

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Papyrus 9 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering),  P9, and named Oxyrhynchus papyri 402, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the First Epistle of John, dating paleographically to the early 3rd century.

Papyrus  P9 was discovered by Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt. Papyrus 9 is currently housed at the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Semitic Museum Inv. 3736, Cambridge (Massachusetts).

The surviving text is a fragment of one leaf containing verses 4:11-12,14-17, written in one column per page. The original codex had 16 lines per page. The text on the manuscript was written very carelessly, evidenced by the crude and irregular handwriting, and the manuscript contains some unintelligible spellings.

Papyrus 74  designated as P74, is a copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Acts of the Apostles and Catholic epistles with lacunae. The manuscript paleographically had been assigned to the 7th century.

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The first Quarantine in the USA since 1918 continues.  It is Day 51.

Church was by Zoom (again) today - which leaves a lot to desire in learning.   It does seem like the Zoom will not lift soon.

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"The grass withers and the flower [fades], but the word of [the Lord] endures forever."  Isaiah 40:8; 1 Peter 1:24-25. 

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Caution against False Teachers

This and III John were Personal Little Notes to Friends whom
 John expected soon to visit. He wrote other letters, I Jn 2:14;
 III Jn 9, possibly many of; them. Personal Letters, such as these,
 on account of their brevity and private nature, would be less
 generally read in Christian Assemblies than Church Letters, and
 consequently be less widely known. These Two Little Epistles,
under the guidance of God’s Spirit, were rescued from oblivion,
 and preserved for the Church, possibly, by being attached to a
 copy of I John m the particular Church or Churches where they
had been received.

The Elder, 1
The other Apostles had all passed on, years before.
John alone was left, the Primate of all Christendom, the
last surviving Companion of Jesus. How appropriate the title.

The Elect Lady, 1
She may have been, literally, a Person, a well-known and
prominent Woman, somewhere near Ephesus, in whose Home a
Church met. Or, she may have been 'a Church symbolically called
by a Woman’s Name. Her Elect Sister, 13, another prominent
Christian Woman Leader, in the Congregation in which John was
resident or the Congregation itself.

Truth, 1-4
The word Truth is used 5 times in the first 4 verses. Love in
The word “Truth" Dwells in us, 2. Grace, Mercy, Truth, 1.
Know the Truth, 1. Truth and Peace, in Truth, 3. Walking in
Truth, 4. Truth is the True Doctrine of Christ, 9, that He is the
Son of God, and that Following Him means Walking in His
Commandments, 6, and His Chief Commandment is that
We Love One Another.

False Teachers, 7-11
These already had been referred to in I John 2:18-29: going
from Church to Church, Teaching, in the Name of Christ, Doc
trines that were utterly subversive "of the Christian Faith”. This
Letter seems to have been written to caution the Elect Lady to
be on her guard, and refuse Hospitality to such Teachers. The
warning is prefaced with an exhortation to Love, 5,6, as if to indi
cate that the Practice of Christian Love does not mean that we
should give encouragement to Enemies of the Truth.

Rejection of John’s Helpers
Gaius, I
There was a Gaius in Corinth, a convert of Paul's, I Cor 1:14:
Rom 16:23, in 'whose home,', in Paul’s day, a Church met. A
Tradition says that he later became John’s scribe. But verse 4 calls
Gaius one of John’s Children, that is, Converts. But, whoever he
was, he was a Greatly Beloved Christian Leader John Loved
him and four times called him Beloved, 1,2,5,11.

Prosper in All Things, 2
Here is a prayer, from one who was very close to Christ, that
a Christian might have Temporal as well as Spiritual Blessings:
an indication that it is not wrong, in the sight of Christ. for
one to possess This World's Goods and Benefits. John himself. in
early life, had been a man of means. But this same John warns-
against Loving Things of This World, I John 2:15-17.

Truth 1
A Favorite‚Word with John.  Used over 20 times in John’s
Gospel. 9 times in I John. 5 times in II John. And 5 times in Ш
John. Love in Truth, 1. Walk in Truth, 2,3. Help the-Truth, 8.
Witness of the Truth, 12.

John's Helpers, 5-8
Paul, some forty years earlier, had established Churches in and
around Ephesus, with no Seminaries to supply Pastors. He had
to develop his Pastors out of his converts. Later, John, assuming
the pastoral care of these Churches, it seems, gathered round
himself, and trained, great numbers of teachers and preachers to
aid him, and sent them out among the Churches.

Diotrephes, 9
One of the domineering False Teachers, who would have nothing
to do with John. It seems that he and Gaius were pastors of
different congregations in the same city. Apparently. some of
John's evangelists, on one of their recent tours, had been refused
admission to the congregation over which Diotrephes presided.
but Gaius had taken them in. On returning to Ephesus, they told
the story of it in John’s home church. John was now sending
another delegation to the same city, with this little Epistle ad—
dressed to Gaius. Demetrius, 12, it is thought, may have been the
bearer of the Epistle.

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The Bible Project

The Books of First, Second and Third JOHN

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2 John New International Version (NIV)
1 The elder,

To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth— 2 because of the truth, which lives in us and will be with us forever:

3 Grace, mercy and peace from God the Father and from Jesus Christ, the Father’s Son, will be with us in truth and love.

4 It has given me great joy to find some of your children walking in the truth, just as the Father commanded us. 5 And now, dear lady, I am not writing you a new command but one we have had from the beginning. I ask that we love one another. 6 And this is love: that we walk in obedience to his commands. As you have heard from the beginning, his command is that you walk in love.

7 I say this because many deceivers, who do not acknowledge Jesus Christ as coming in the flesh, have gone out into the world. Any such person is the deceiver and the antichrist. 8 Watch out that you do not lose what we[a] have worked for, but that you may be rewarded fully. 9 Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son. 10 If anyone comes to you and does not bring this teaching, do not take them into your house or welcome them. 11 Anyone who welcomes them shares in their wicked work.

12 I have much to write to you, but I do not want to use paper and ink. Instead, I hope to visit you and talk with you face to face, so that our joy may be complete.

13 The children of your sister, who is chosen by God, send their greetings.

2 John 1:8 Some manuscripts you

3 John New International Version (NIV)
1 The elder,

To my dear friend Gaius, whom I love in the truth.

2 Dear friend, I pray that you may enjoy good health and that all may go well with you, even as your soul is getting along well. 3 It gave me great joy when some believers came and testified about your faithfulness to the truth, telling how you continue to walk in it. 4 I have no greater joy than to hear that my children are walking in the truth.

5 Dear friend, you are faithful in what you are doing for the brothers and sisters,[a] even though they are strangers to you. 6 They have told the church about your love. Please send them on their way in a manner that honors God. 7 It was for the sake of the Name that they went out, receiving no help from the pagans. 8 We ought therefore to show hospitality to such people so that we may work together for the truth.

9 I wrote to the church, but Diotrephes, who loves to be first, will not welcome us. 10 So when I come, I will call attention to what he is doing, spreading malicious nonsense about us. Not satisfied with that, he even refuses to welcome other believers. He also stops those who want to do so and puts them out of the church.

11 Dear friend, do not imitate what is evil but what is good. Anyone who does what is good is from God. Anyone who does what is evil has not seen God. 12 Demetrius is well spoken of by everyone—and even by the truth itself. We also speak well of him, and you know that our testimony is true.

13 I have much to write you, but I do not want to do so with pen and ink. 14 I hope to see you soon, and we will talk face to face.

Peace to you. The friends here send their greetings. Greet the friends there by name.


3 John 1:5 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family.

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Audio Book NIV  Book of 2nd John

Audio Book NIV  Book of 3rd John

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Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Some content adapted from Halley, Henry H., Bible Handbook, Grayson Publishing, Minneapolis, MN.  © 1927 - 1959, 1964

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Wednesday, April 22, 2020

Teaching Notes Book of 2 Peter Chapter 1

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Teaching Notes Book of 2 Peter Chapter 1

Hugh Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

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The first Quarantine in the USA since 1918 continues.  It is Day 40.

I cannot get used to ZOOM Court, yet.

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"The grass withers and the flower [fades], but the word of [the Lord] endures forever."  Isaiah 40:8; 1 Peter 1:24-25.

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Book of 2 Peter.

 Papyrus 72 (Papyrus Bodmer VII-VIII) is the designation used by textual critics of the New Testament to describe portions of the so-called Bodmer Miscellaneous codex, namely the letters of Jude, 1 Peter, and 2 Peter. These books seem to have been copied by the same scribe, and the handwriting has been paleographically assigned to the 3rd or 4th century. Although the letters of Jude (P.Bodmer VII) and 1-2 Peter (P.Bodmer VIII) in this codex do not form a single continuous text, scholars still tend to refer to these three texts as a single early New Testament papyrus.

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Prediction of Apostasy


The Epistle specifically claims to be the work of Simon Peter;
1:1. The writer represents himself as having been present at the
Transfiguration of Christ, 1:16-18; and of having been warned by
Christ of his impending death, 1:14. This means that the book
is a genuine writing of Peter.

Though it was slow in being received into the NT Canon, it
was recognized by the early Church as a genuine writing of
Peter and has through the centuries been revered as а part of

Some modern critics regard it as a pseudonymous work of the
late second century, written by some unknown person who as
sumed Peter's name, a hundred years after Peter's death. To the
average mind this would be just a plain common forgery, an
offence against civil and moral law and ordinary. decency. The
critics over and over aver that there is nothing at all
unethical in thus counterfeiting another’s name.

To Whom Addressed

Unlike most of the Books of the NT, no locality is mentioned.It was,
however, Peter’s “second epistle" to the same persons, 3: 1.
While Peter may have written many“ circular letters which have
not been preserved to us, yet the assumption is that this language refers
to that which is commonly known as' his' “First Epistle”, which
was addressed to churches “of Asia Minor, I Pet 1:1, churches to
whom Paul also had written, II Pet"3:15.


If I Peter was written during Nero’s Persecution,
and if Peter was martyred in that Persecution. then
this Book must have been written shortly before Peter’s death,
probably about 67 AD, or within a year or two, one way or the

II Peter and Jude

In some passages are so similar that some Scholars think one
must have copied from the other. It is not necessary to think
that. The Apostles, constantly hearing one another- talk, certain
expressions and Scripture illustrations became part of the com-
mon Christian vocabulary.

Chapter 1   Making Sure of Salvation

Knowledge of Christ, the foundation of our Precious Faith, is here 
emphasized as the medium of Grace and Peace, 2, and of all things that 
pertain to life and Godliness, 3, and one of the
means by which We may make our Calling and Election Sure.
5, and by which the Defilements of the World are Overcome, 2:20.
It is the closing exhortation of the Epistle, 3:18. Original, Authentic 
Knowledge about Christ is contained in God’s Word. So Peter’s
farewell warning was, Don't Neglect God’s Word.

The Precious Promises, 4, include not only the External Glories
of the Eternal Kingdom, 11, but a Changed, Divine Nature within
ourselves, which God Will,‘ of His own Grace, bestow upon us,
which we, on our part, must do our best to attain, 5-11."

Seven Divine Qualities, 5-11. Virtue. Knowledge. Self-Control.
Patience. Godliness. Brotherly Kindness. Love. These are the
Fruits, 8, of the Precious Faith, 1, which we are to Add, 5, to the
Blessings which .God has Multiplied, 2, to us. They are Steps from
Earth to Heaven, starting. in Faith, and culminating in Love in the
Eternal Home of God.

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2 Peter 
The Bible Project

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2 Peter 1 New International Version (NIV)

1 Simon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ,

To those who through the righteousness of our God and Savior Jesus Christ have received a faith as precious as ours:

2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord.

Confirming One’s Calling and Election

3 His divine power has given us everything we need for a godly life through our knowledge of him who called us by his own glory and goodness. 4 Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature, having escaped the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.

5 For this very reason, make every effort to add to your faith goodness; and to goodness, knowledge; 6 and to knowledge, self-control; and to self-control, perseverance; and to perseverance, godliness; 7 and to godliness, mutual affection; and to mutual affection, love. 8 For if you possess these qualities in increasing measure, they will keep you from being ineffective and unproductive in your knowledge of our Lord Jesus Christ. 9 But whoever does not have them is nearsighted and blind, forgetting that they have been cleansed from their past sins.

10 Therefore, my brothers and sisters,[a] make every effort to confirm your calling and election. For if you do these things, you will never stumble, 11 and you will receive a rich welcome into the eternal kingdom of our Lord and Savior Jesus Christ.

Prophecy of Scripture

12 So I will always remind you of these things, even though you know them and are firmly established in the truth you now have. 13 I think it is right to refresh your memory as long as I live in the tent of this body, 14 because I know that I will soon put it aside, as our Lord Jesus Christ has made clear to me. 15 And I will make every effort to see that after my departure you will always be able to remember these things.

16 For we did not follow cleverly devised stories when we told you about the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ in power, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. 17 He received honor and glory from God the Father when the voice came to him from the Majestic Glory, saying, “This is my Son, whom I love; with him I am well pleased.”[b] 18 We ourselves heard this voice that came from heaven when we were with him on the sacred mountain.

19 We also have the prophetic message as something completely reliable, and you will do well to pay attention to it, as to a light shining in a dark place, until the day dawns and the morning star rises in your hearts. 20 Above all, you must understand that no prophecy of Scripture came about by the prophet’s own interpretation of things. 21 For prophecy never had its origin in the human will, but prophets, though human, spoke from God as they were carried along by the Holy Spirit.

2 Peter 1:10 The Greek word for brothers and sisters (adelphoi) refers here to believers, both men and women, as part of God’s family.
2 Peter 1:17 Matt. 17:5; Mark 9:7; Luke 9:35

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2 Peter Audio Bible (NIV)

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New International Version (NIV)

Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.

Some content adapted from Halley, Henry H., Bible Handbook, Grayson Publishing, Minneapolis, MN.  © 1927 - 1959, 1964

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Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia

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