& & &
Teaching Notes Book of FIRST JOHN Chapters 4 and 5
& & &
Hugh Wood, Atlanta, Georgia
& & &
Papyrus 9 (in the Gregory-Aland numbering), P9, and named Oxyrhynchus papyri 402, is an early copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the First Epistle of John, dating paleographically to the early 3rd century.
Papyrus P9 was discovered by Bernard Pyne Grenfell and Arthur Surridge Hunt in Oxyrhynchus, Egypt. Papyrus 9 is currently housed at the Houghton Library, Harvard University, Semitic Museum Inv. 3736, Cambridge (Massachusetts).
The surviving text is a fragment of one leaf containing verses 4:11-12,14-17, written in one column per page. The original codex had 16 lines per page. The text on the manuscript was written very carelessly, evidenced by the crude and irregular handwriting, and the manuscript contains some unintelligible spellings.
Papyrus 74 designated as P74, is a copy of the New Testament in Greek. It is a papyrus manuscript of the Acts of the Apostles and Catholic epistles with lacunae. The manuscript paleographically had been assigned to the 7th century.
& & &
The first Quarantine in the USA since 1918 continues. It is Day 49.
It does look like the worst of the Quarantine will be lifting soon – at least for our State – perhaps not others.
& & &
"The grass withers and the flower [fades], but the word of [the Lord] endures forever." Isaiah 40:8; 1 Peter 1:24-25.
& & &
Chapter 4:1-6. False Prophets
Apparently, Churches were beset by False Teachers, claiming
Inspiration of the Holy Spirit for their Doctrines. Generally. says
John, their trustworthiness could be tested by their Loyalty to
the Deity of Jesus,
Chapter 4:7-21. Love
John returns to his favorite theme, Love, the keynote of the
Epistle. He is very insistent that being Saved by the Grace of
Christ Does Not Release us from the necessity of Obeying Christ’s
Commandments. And Christ’s Chief Commandment is Love. We
Know Christ if. We Keep His Commandments, 2:3. He that says,
I Know Him, and Keeps Not His Commandments, Is a Liar, 2:4.
Whatsoever we Ask, we receive, because we Keep His Com-
mandments, 3:22. This is His Commandment, that we Love One
Another, 3:23. He that Keeps His Commandments Abides in Him,
3:24. This Commandment we have from God, that he who Loves
God Love his Brother also, 4:21. This is the Love of God, that
we Keep His Commandments, 5:3. It is told of John that, when
he Was old and too feeble to walk, he would be carried into ths.
Church, and, in speaking, would always say, “Little children,
Love One Another. It is the Lord’s Commandment”.
Chapter 5. Assurance of Eternal Life
"Know” is one of. the key Words of this Epistle. We Know that
we Know God. 2:3. We Know that we are in Him. 2:5. We Know
that when He shall Appear we shall be Like Him, 3:2. We Know
that we have Passed from Death to Life, because we Love the
Brethren, 3:14. We Know that we are of the Truth, 3:19. We
Know that God lives in us, 3:24. We Know that we live in
God, 4:13. These things have I written that you may Know that
you have Eternal Life, 5:13. We Know that God hears us, 5:15.
We Know that we ate of God, 5:19.
Many Christians are discouraged because they do not feel Sure
that they are Saved. Sometimes we hear it said that if we do
not Know we are Saved, that is a sign that we are Not Saved.
We think this is an extreme assertion. It is a mistake to identify?
Assurance with Salvation. A new-born babe scarcely Knows it
has been born, but it has. Assurance comes with Growth. We be-
lieve it is possible for a Christian's Faith to get stronger and
stronger till, to himself, at least, it reaches the Full Assurance of
Eternal Life, 13, begins when a person becomes a Christian, and
Never Ends. It is a Life of Divine Quality and Endless Duration.
Assurance of it is the object of this Epistle.
The Sin unto Death, 16, probably, refers to the unpardonable
Sin spoken of by Jesus, Matt 12:31-32. See note on Heb 6:14.
& & &
The Bible Project
The Books of First, Second and Third JOHN
& & &
1 John 4 New International Version (NIV)
On Denying the Incarnation
4 Dear friends, do not believe every spirit, but test the spirits to see whether they are from God, because many false prophets have gone out into the world. 2 This is how you can recognize the Spirit of God: Every spirit that acknowledges that Jesus Christ has come in the flesh is from God, 3 but every spirit that does not acknowledge Jesus is not from God. This is the spirit of the antichrist, which you have heard is coming and even now is already in the world.
4 You, dear children, are from God and have overcome them, because the one who is in you is greater than the one who is in the world. 5 They are from the world and therefore speak from the viewpoint of the world, and the world listens to them. 6 We are from God, and whoever knows God listens to us; but whoever is not from God does not listen to us. This is how we recognize the Spirit[a] of truth and the spirit of falsehood.
God’s Love and Ours
7 Dear friends, let us love one another, for love comes from God. Everyone who loves has been born of God and knows God. 8 Whoever does not love does not know God, because God is love. 9 This is how God showed his love among us: He sent his one and only Son into the world that we might live through him. 10 This is love: not that we loved God, but that he loved us and sent his Son as an atoning sacrifice for our sins. 11 Dear friends, since God so loved us, we also ought to love one another. 12 No one has ever seen God; but if we love one another, God lives in us and his love is made complete in us.
13 This is how we know that we live in him and he in us: He has given us of his Spirit. 14 And we have seen and testify that the Father has sent his Son to be the Savior of the world. 15 If anyone acknowledges that Jesus is the Son of God, God lives in them and they in God. 16 And so we know and rely on the love God has for us.
God is love. Whoever lives in love lives in God, and God in them. 17 This is how love is made complete among us so that we will have confidence on the day of judgment: In this world we are like Jesus. 18 There is no fear in love. But perfect love drives out fear, because fear has to do with punishment. The one who fears is not made perfect in love.
19 We love because he first loved us. 20 Whoever claims to love God yet hates a brother or sister is a liar. For whoever does not love their brother and sister, whom they have seen, cannot love God, whom they have not seen. 21 And he has given us this command: Anyone who loves God must also love their brother and sister.
1 John 4:6 Or spirit
1 John 5 New International Version (NIV)
Faith in the Incarnate Son of God
5 Everyone who believes that Jesus is the Christ is born of God, and everyone who loves the father loves his child as well. 2 This is how we know that we love the children of God: by loving God and carrying out his commands. 3 In fact, this is love for God: to keep his commands. And his commands are not burdensome, 4 for everyone born of God overcomes the world. This is the victory that has overcome the world, even our faith. 5 Who is it that overcomes the world? Only the one who believes that Jesus is the Son of God.
6 This is the one who came by water and blood—Jesus Christ. He did not come by water only, but by water and blood. And it is the Spirit who testifies, because the Spirit is the truth. 7 For there are three that testify: 8 the[a] Spirit, the water and the blood; and the three are in agreement. 9 We accept human testimony, but God’s testimony is greater because it is the testimony of God, which he has given about his Son. 10 Whoever believes in the Son of God accepts this testimony. Whoever does not believe God has made him out to be a liar, because they have not believed the testimony God has given about his Son. 11 And this is the testimony: God has given us eternal life, and this life is in his Son. 12 Whoever has the Son has life; whoever does not have the Son of God does not have life.
13 I write these things to you who believe in the name of the Son of God so that you may know that you have eternal life. 14 This is the confidence we have in approaching God: that if we ask anything according to his will, he hears us. 15 And if we know that he hears us—whatever we ask—we know that we have what we asked of him.
16 If you see any brother or sister commit a sin that does not lead to death, you should pray and God will give them life. I refer to those whose sin does not lead to death. There is a sin that leads to death. I am not saying that you should pray about that. 17 All wrongdoing is sin, and there is sin that does not lead to death.
18 We know that anyone born of God does not continue to sin; the One who was born of God keeps them safe, and the evil one cannot harm them. 19 We know that we are children of God, and that the whole world is under the control of the evil one. 20 We know also that the Son of God has come and has given us understanding, so that we may know him who is true. And we are in him who is true by being in his Son Jesus Christ. He is the true God and eternal life.
21 Dear children, keep yourselves from idols.
1 John 5:8 Late manuscripts of the Vulgate testify in heaven: the Father, the Word and the Holy Spirit, and these three are one. 8 And there are three that testify on earth: the (not found in any Greek manuscript before the fourteenth century)
& & &
Audio Book NIV Book of First John
& & &
New International Version (NIV)
Holy Bible, New International Version®, NIV® Copyright ©1973, 1978, 1984, 2011 by Biblica, Inc.® Used by permission. All rights reserved worldwide.
Some content adapted from Halley, Henry H., Bible Handbook, Grayson Publishing, Minneapolis, MN. © 1927 - 1959, 1964
& & &
Hugh C. Wood, Atlanta, Georgia
& & &